KEY LEARNING POINTS
- Keep the design simple, as this ensures a cost effective shell, making the home more affordable
- There seems to be strong demand for self finish homes, and the six to seven per cent reduction in the sale price is attractive to people on lower incomes, especially if the home is available via a part buy/part rent option
- The quality of workmanship on the home we looked at was good – people can be trusted to do the work to the right standard. But be very clear about the work that has to be done, and the standards that are expected
- Be prepared to be flexible about local connection tests – if you make them too rigid you will limit the number of people who may apply for one of the homes
- Marketing via the Purple Bricks website was cost effective. Make sure you show prospective owners around, as there will be lots of detailed questions asked that probably only you can answer
Orwell Housing Association was keen to explore the idea of ‘self finish’ homes and identified two sites for pilot schemes. The development of four homes in Norwich was completed in the early summer of 2015; a second project – of another four homes – is due to be completed in Felixstowe around the end of 2015.
Both schemes form part of larger housing developments that were constructed by a local contractor. At each location the contractor built the shell of the self-finish homes to NHBC standards, with utilities leading into the homes, and the road and parking completed. The new owners have had to finish off the homes by installing the bathrooms, kitchens, doing all the decoration and landscaping the gardens.
They were given three months to complete this work, and in return they have qualified for a six to seven per cent reduction compared to the full market value.
In this case the housing association required the new owners to undertake the following works to the Norwich homes to qualify for the six per cent discount. A similar (though slightly longer) list of work was set out for the Felixstowe homes, and these qualified for a seven per cent discount.
The list of tasks self-finishers are expected to complete
The Norwich development is in Pointers Field, to the North of the city centre. The full address is 11-14 Eglington Mews, Norwich NR33JT.
The Felixstowe homes are located to the west of the town centre at 7-10 Philip Avenue, IP11 2PP
The projects took some time to develop and prepare, with discussions originally starting in late 2012, when the housing association was exploring innovative ways of helping people to get a foot on the property ladder.
Land stability problems on the Felixstowe site caused a delay too; this project was originally expected to be built ahead of the Norwich scheme.
The Norwich homes secured planning permission in July 2013.
Construction began in the middle of 2014, and the shells were handed over the new owners in March 2015. The first wave of four self finishers all completed the fitting out work in the three month ‘window’ that was offered, and the first residents moved in in early June.
The Norwich homes are quite simple, arranged as two sets of semi’s – with a kitchen facing the front, a cloakroom in the centre, and a large living room overlooking the rear garden. Upstairs there are two double bedrooms and a bathroom. There is a reasonable amount of storage space and a modest rear garden with shed. This simple consistent design meant the unit construction cost for the shells was modest, helping to keep the purchase cost down. The residents couldn’t adjust the internal layout – they had to take it as it was provided.
This housing association-led project has provided a total of eight affordable self finish homes – four in Felixstowe and four in Norwich. The homes are available on a shared equity basis, and there is a six to seven per cent discount offered in return for the occupants doing the decorating, fitting the kitchen and bathroom, and the external landscaping. Demand has been strong, with most people initially buying a 50 per cent stake. This means the initial mortgage/rent works out at just over £500 per month
Semi-detached and Terraced
4 (Norwich); 4 (Felixstowe)
For the purposes of this Toolkit we have made the following definitions:
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The four completed Norwich homes
- ‘self and custom built homes’ as properties commissioned by people from a builder, contractor or package company (this is known as ‘custom build’ housing). When people physically build themselves, sometimes with help from sub-contractors, this is known as ‘self build’ housing. We call all these people ‘private homebuilders’.
- ‘serviced building plots’ are shovel-ready parcels of land with planning permission, laid out and ready for construction with access and utilities/services provided to the plot boundary. Some private homebuilders just purchase a plot; others opt for a ‘shell’ home (that they then finish off), or they select from an extensive menu of options offered by developers/builders.
- ‘group projects’ mean homes built by private homebuilders who work as a collective.
The land for both the schemes formed part of two larger new housing developments undertaken by the Orwell Housing Association. In both cases the land was formally owned by the local authority, and it was gifted to the housing association.
Floor plans for two of the Norwich homes
The projects were initially marketed via an open event for local councillors and the general public. Orwell also tried press releases, some direct marketing and adverts in local ‘free’ magazines. None of these was especially effective, but enquiries picked up when they got the project listed with the online property portal Purple Bricks; the team negotiated a good deal with the website (£500 to market the four homes in each development).
The association’s staff did the ‘show arounds’ to prospective purchasers, as there were a lot of issues to explain.
Use online property portals to market opportunities
The team responsible for marketing these homes struck a good deal with Purple Bricks and this resulted in lots of enquiries
There was strong demand for the first phase in Norwich, with the association saying it could have sold them three or four times over.
Unforeseen construction delays with the Felixstowe project, and changes to the mortgage process, meant this project was in limbo for some time. There was a lot on interest initially, and when the scheme was re-launched in early 2015 there was strong demand for the properties.
The kitchen of the first home to be completed
The owners of this home opted for a large shower rather than a bath
The Norwich homes are all identical two bed properties – built in two pairs. Each has 76 sq m of space.
The full market value of the Norwich homes was assessed as £127,500, so the six per cent discount to the self finishers meant the cost was reduced by £7,650. All of the purchasers opted for a 50 per cent equity stake, so they effectively bought a £63,750 share for £56,100.
The mortgage repayments on this worked out at £361 a month, and the rent on the other 50 per cent is £146.09 – so the total cost per month was £507.09.
If a purchaser had wanted to buy a 75 per cent stake the figures would have been 75 per cent of the market value – £95,625, minus £7,650 = £87,975. This would have resulted in mortgage payments of £567 a month and a rent on the remaining 25 per cent of £73.05, giving a total of £640.05 per month.
The Felixstowe homes are a mixture of two a three bedroom terraced properties of between 78 and 90 sq m. The full market value these homes therefore varies a little, from £147,500 to £170,000. Here a seven per cent reduction was offered to the self finishers (as they had a few more things to do externally around their properties). So the discount that was applied was between £10,325 and £11,900.
With a 50 per cent equity share the resultant monthly costs range from £577.27 to £665.33.
A specially designed shared equity mortgage was developed for the projects in association with the Ipswich Building Society. This offered a 5.99 per cent fixed rate mortgage (over 25 years), and purchasers did not have to raise a normal mortgage deposit.
The residents did have to put up a £500 ‘deposit’ to cover the three month period they had to complete the work.
Once the work was completed to a satisfactory standard, they signed the lease with the housing association, formally received the keys, moved in and the mortgage/rent payments began.
Self finish can make home ownership affordable
Discounts of up to £10,000 mean its possible for people on lower income to part buy a home. Here the cost per month was just over £500
No significant planning issues were raised on either project.
The recently completed Felixstowe homes Indicative plans of the Felixstowe homes
The Norwich project attracted a wide mixture of people, including a young couple, a recently retired couple, a divorcee and a single woman in her fifties. A local connection test was applied – this required them to live, work or have family in the relevant local authority area.
In rural areas the housing association sometimes sets a more direct local connection test – requiring applicants to identify if they live, work or have family in the same village/settlement as a proposed new development, or in a surrounding/nearby village.
Ann Kellet (pictured) and her partner were the first to move in (in June 2015) and were pleased with the end result. They like the scale of the rooms, the warmth and light levels, and the corner window feature in the kitchen and the front bedroom.
Their only real frustration was caused by some legal delays during the process.
The other self-finishers were a few weeks behind, but all completed within the three month timeframe.
Self finish appeals to many people
A broad cross section of people were attracted to the self finish homes – young couples, singles, divorcees and retirees
This case study was compiled with reference to the following sources:
Karen Suddes (Home Ownership officer at Orwell Housing Association)
Dove Jeffery Homes (contractor Norwich)
Carters (contractor; Felixstowe)
The NaCSBA Research & Development Programme is funded by the Nationwide Foundation and aims to promote the self-build and custom build sector as an affordable route into housing for a greater number of people in the UK.
For further information, please visit:www.nacsba.org.uk or www.selfbuildportal.org.uk